JPR

Jackson Productivity Research Inc.
Productivity is our middle name

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Our Productivity and Industrial Engineering Books, click cover for contents.
The Industrial Engineering book includes the contents of Time and Motion Study, Layout, and Cost Reduction; but not Construction Piece Rates .


Industrial Engineering

IE supports productivity and profitability in business operations with tools such as:

  • Work measurement, especially time study and work sampling
  • Layout for plant, office, warehouse and shop; facility design, floor plan arrangements
  • Optimized workloads, balanced and achievable
  • Improved capacity, fewer bottlenecks, and utilization of labor and equipment
  • Formal labor output plans; expectations, piece rate, or incentive
  • And the end result of all these tools, cost reduction.


  • IE tools are applicible not only in manufacturing, but also in all industries that use people, or facilities, or equipment. And that is pretty much all of them.

    Note that IE tools do not perform the same function. Furthermore, none of these tools is automatically valuable or useful; each has pros and cons, different potential cost and benefit in your circumstances. Read below for more definitive descriptions, or click the links above by topic.

    JPR's value as a consultancy is to apply the appropriate industrial engineering tools or productivity principles. We add value through books and articles, or through on-site visits tailored to the client's specific purposes, timing, and budget.

    We are experienced, objective, and quick. We have the time and ability that perhaps your team doesn't have right now. We can guide, train, or perform the assignment.

    We invite you to take the next step; contact JPR. For no-cost discussions or questions, please call Jack Greene at 843-422-1298 or
    e-mail

    Major Industrial Engineering Topics

    extensively explored in the books above

    Time Study, Time and Motion Study
    How long does a job take? Arguably the most important piece of operating information, necessary in order for your organization to know objectively:
    • What output to expect from people, equipment, processes?
    • How many people and machines are required to produce today's volume? Tomorrow's?
    • Is a workload too heavy or too light? Does it need to be reduced, or balanced?
    • Where does waste movement, unnecessary activity and delay occur?
    • Where are constraints, bottlenecks, due to machine, space, process?
    • How to free skilled people of wasted time and of the lower-skilled tasks that are assigned to them, to optimize their special talents.


    Plant Layout and Facility Design
    The arrangement of people, materials and machines is at the very heart of business productivity; in an organization of any size, engaged in just about any endeavor. Layout can help in these projects:

    • Relieve a jam-packed facility.
    • Consolidate operations or facilities; merge for today's mission.
    • Rearrange operations to cut through a wasteful "spaghetti" flow.
    • Grow, add output, technology, new products, capacity or utilization.
    • Plan and start up an entirely new operation, or relocate operations locally or elsewhere.


    Cost Reduction, Productivity Improvement
    Two sides of a the same coin; both will achieve effectiveness and the key objective, to increase profit.

    Operations are most profitable when they have the least waste. Valuable returns occur when a company finds the highest value opportunities in its unique circumstances; Show Me The Money.
    • Cherry pick on the floor? Activity of people in operations is critical to output, but maybe not the largest cost.
    • Cherry pick at the management level, where bigger returns are often found
    • Beyond cherry picking, dig a little more and consider constraints, procedures and assumptions
    The Cost Reduction book above contains many examples, of all types of proven cost reductions.


    Piece Work, Piece Rates
    Understand that piece rates have benefits and disadvantages.

    • Piece rates do have benefits; they motivate employees, lead to faster project completion and better cash flow, result in actual costs closer to estimates.
    • Piece rates also have drawbacks, not only the set-up expense but also the field reporting and bookkeeping necessary to calculate payrolls which conform to minimum wage, overtime and tax laws.
    • Piece rates involve bookkeeping and labor law, so involve the company lawyer and CPA in any pay plan.
    • The Construction Piece Rate book above does not try to sell you on piece rates, but explains potential advantages, operating issues, costs, and practical considerations so you can determine the right course for your operation, culture, objectives. It includes a wide variety of useful actions to reduce costs of operations, whether or not you opt for piece rates.


    For our on-line articles series Productivity and Management, please click to read the index

    What's Next? JPR can help you to use productivity tools and techniques, objectively, within your organization, to achieve the most appropriate solutions for your unique circumstances, timetable and budget. We are experienced, objective, and quick. We have the time and ability that perhaps your team doesn't have right now. We can guide, train, or perform the time study.

    Take the next step; contact JPR. There is no cost nor obligation for preliminary discussions. E-mail Jack Greene at jack@jacksonproductivity.com or call 843-422-1298.